The adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli ortheir effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.

Capacity development

The process by which people, organizations and society systematically stimulate and develop their capacities over time to achieve social and economic goals, including through improvement of knowledge, skills, systems, and institutions

Climate change

A change in the state of the climate that can be identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by changes in the mean and/or the variability of its properties, and that persists for an extended period, typically decades or longer. Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use.[i]

In short, climate change is “A change in the climate that persists for decades or longer, arising from either natural causes or human activity.”



A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.

Disaster risk

The potential disaster losses, in lives, health status, livelihoods, assets and services, which couldoccur to a particular community or a society over some specified future time period.

Basic Knowledge on: Inundation

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